Part 11: Adjectives

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Part 11: Adjectives

Post by The Right Admin on Mon Jun 15, 2015 4:09 pm

There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: い-adjectives and な-adjectives. い-adjectives all end with ~い (ex: たのし) while な-adjectives end with ~な, even though they end with ~な (ex:すき[な]). The ~な is often times excluded from the words that fall under this category because it isn't used most of the time. い-adjectives and な-adjectives conjugate differently:
たのしい  --  Fun
すき(な)  --  Like

 Affirmative Negative
present | いです | くないです
| | or (~くありません)
Past | かったです | くなかったです
| | or (~くありませんでした)
 Affirmative Negative
present | です | じゃないです
| | or (~じゃありません)
Past | でした | じゃなかったです
| | or (~じゃありませんでした)

Along with い-adjectives and な-adjectives, there is also one that is irregular. This adjective is いい (good). The ending of いい follows the same pattern as い-adjectives, but in most cases the first い changes to a よ. While いい is the only irregular adjective, there are other adjectives that end with いい, like かっこいい. Here is a chart of how to conjugate irregular adjectives:

 Affirmative Negative
present | いです | くないです
| | or (よくありません)
Past | かったです | くなかったです
| | or (よくありませんでした)
These chart show how to use the adjectives when you are explaining a subject. Here is an example:
こん本はむずかしいです。 "This book is difficult."
むずかしい  --  Difficult

When using an adjective along with some type of action, you put the adjective before the subject. Here are two examples:
おもしろいえいがをみませんでした。 "I didn't see an interesting movie."
きれいなへやにいきます。 "I will go to the clean room."
おもしろい  --  Interesting / Amusing / Funny
きれい(な)  --  Clean / Beautiful
へや  --  Room

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